The town of Rutland was first settled in 1666 as Naquag. Officially confirmed in 1713 and incorporated in 1722, Rutland was made up of Barre, Hubbardston, Oakham, Princeton, and the northern half of Paxton. In northern Rutland there are prison camps used during the Revolutionary War for captured Hessian (soldier) mercenaries hired by the British.
Rutland is a beautiful residential hill town in the geographic center of Massachusetts. It is located 13 miles northwest of Worcester and 52 miles west of Boston. At 1,200 feet above sea level, Rutland has the highest elevation of any community between the Berkshires and the Atlantic Ocean. Rutland is bordered by Princeton on the northeast, Holden on the east, Paxton on the southeast, Oakham on the southwest, and Barre and Hubbardston on the northwest. Rutland has 5 villages within its limits, New Boston, West Rutland, Muschopauge, North Rutland, and Turkey Hill.
Known for its clean air, the town grew as a health resort center in the 1880’s. During the outbreak of tuberculosis, Rutland became famous for its health care industry and fresh air living environment. This industry continued until 1991 when the last of the health care facilities closed its doors.
Rutland is now essentially a bedroom community with many of its residents regularly commuting to Worcester, Boston, and Springfield. The town operates with a five member Board of Selectmen and an open town meeting form of government.
Each year, Rutland holds a four-day-long Fourth of July celebration, beginning on July 1. Events include performances by area musicians, a lip-sync concert, a chicken barbecue hosted by the local Fire Brigade, a Historical Society Lemonade Social, and an acclaimed fireworks show. On the Fourth, Rutland holds a parade with floats made by local organizations and hosts special guests including local and regional politicians.
Take a drive through this lovely community and enjoy the rural character and fresh air!
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